Brown Recluse Spider

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Loxosceles reclusa
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1/4" - 1/2"

A solitary wanderer, the brown recluse is an efficient hunter that sports an iconic violin pattern on it's cephalothorax.

Threat Level
9
Nuisance Score
9

Characteristics

The brown recluse is a venomous spider primarily in the central and southern regions of the United States. They are modest in size, roughly an inch long, and are adorned with a unique dark brown violin-shaped pattern on their back. Despite their intimidating reputation, brown recluses are usually shy creatures, preferring solitude over confrontation, unless they feel cornered, of course.

Biology

Because the brown recluse is solitary, they have little interest in building webs. Their preferred environments are usually dark, isolated places like under stones, within firewood stacks, and the hidden corners of basements. 

With a diet of insects like flies, mosquitoes, and crickets, these spiders are indeed formidable predators. Their venom packs a punch with necrotic properties, meaning it has the potential to kill tissues. Because of this necrotic property, it’s important to seek medical attention immediately if you are bitten. Even if their bites are not usually fatal, the bite wound can become infected.

Habitat

Brown recluse spiders find their homes in forests, grasslands, and sometimes suburban backyards. Areas with warm, arid climates are where these spiders are most likely to be discovered.

Despite that preference, these spiders have been gradually expanding their territory in the southern United States further eastward. 

Human Interaction

Brown recluse bites can be painful, causing a skin condition known as necrotic arachnidism, which in rare cases, could even prove lethal due to serious infection. That's why it's essential to employ brown recluse prevention measures, such as using gloves and long sleeves while venturing into areas where these spiders may dwell and vigilantly checking shoes and clothing for any hiding spiders.

FAQ

What is the best way to get rid of brown recluse spiders?
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Pest Control

Dealing with brown recluse spiders involves a host of strategies. Insecticide sprays swiftly kill brown recluses on contact. Traps lure these spiders and then eliminate them. Fumigation is another tactic, employing lethal gasses to eradicate brown recluses within an enclosed area. 

The most suitable method depends on the intensity of the infestation and the specific types of brown recluses present. A competent pest control company can examine the infestation and recommend an appropriate course of action. From brown recluse repellent to brown recluse traps, they'll help you regain control over your living spaces.

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